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八年级上Unit 1讲析及练习  

2010-11-06 16:03:05|  分类: 资源推荐 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一. 本周教学内容:

    Unit 1  How often do you exercise?

I. 学习目标:

  1. Talk about how often you do things.

  2. Learn some words and expressions about frequency.

  3. Learn what and how often questions.

II. 主要词汇:

    how often多久一次, hardly几乎不, ever曾经, twice两次;两倍,

    once一次,    time次数, internet互联网, result结果, as for至于;关于,

    junk food垃圾食品, milk牛奶, health健康状况, interviewer采访者, habit习惯,

    a lot of大量;许多, of course当然, look after照顾, difference不同,

     make a difference使得结果不同, grade分数;成绩;年级, unhealthy不健康的,

    although虽然, do表强调(位于实义动词前), start with以……开始

III. 词组:

    every day/night/Tuesday         be good for

    a lot of                       look after

    once a week                   how often

    all/ most/ some/ no students       help sb. to do sth.

IV. 主要句型:

  1. What do you usually do on weekends? 你通常周末做什么?

  2. I usually play soccer. 我通常踢足球。

  3. What does he do on weekends?他周末做什么?

  4. He sometimes watches TV. 他有时候看电视。

  5. How often do you shop? 你多长时间购物一次?

  6. I shop once a month. 我一个月购物一次。

  7. How often does he watch TV?他多长时间看一次电视?

  8. He watches TV twice a week. 他每周看两次电视。

V. 知识点讲解:

  1. Let’s look at the following words and their usage.

    always 一直,总是             usually 通常

    often  经常                   sometimes 有时候

    hardly ever 很少,几乎没有     never 从不

    这些词都是表示频率的副词, 但是在程度上有差别。通常用于一般现在时。如:

    I always have some milk for my breakfast.  我早餐总是喝牛奶。

    He usually gets up at 6:30 in the morning.  他通常早上6:30起床。

    He often does homework before dinner time.  他经常晚餐前做作业。

    He sometimes goes to movies on Friday evening.

    他有时周五晚上去看电影。

    I hardly ever eat out at noon. 我很少中午在外就餐。

    I never arrive late for school. 我从没有到校晚过。

    seldom, rarely

  2. How often …?和How long… ?

    1) How often do you watch TV? 你多长时间看一次电视?

     回答可以是:

    Every day./ Once a week./Three times a week./ Often./ …

    2)How long do you usually watch TV?你通常看多长时间电视?

     回答可以是:

    About one hour./ Three hours. / Thirty minutes./…

    从以上例句中可以看出:

    how often 询问的是频率“多久一次”

    how long 询问的是时间长短“多长时间”

  3. 英语中表次数的用法

    once一次,  twice两次,   three times三次,  four times四次 …

    我们可以看出表示次数的词,除了“一次,两次”特殊外,后面的次数都是“基数词+times”构成。

    另外同学们要记住以下词组:

    once a day/ a week/ a month/ a year

    twice a day/ a week/ a month/ a year

  4. 语法:一般现在时的特殊疑问句

    Let’s look at the following sentences first.

    1) What do you usually do on weekends?

    2) What does he do on weekends?

    3) How often do you shop?

    4) How often does he watch TV?

    5) How many hours do you sleep every night?

    一般现在时的特殊疑问句的构成:

    特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

    这里的特殊疑问词指 what, what time, where, when, which, who, whom, whose, why, how, how many, how much, how long, how often

  5. all, most, some, no 的用法及差异。

    all “所有的,全体的”

    All students do homework after school.

    Last night, I cooked all the vegetables in the fridge.

    most “大多数的”

    Most students play computer games on weekends.

    some “一些”

    Some students go to English movies every day.

    no “没有”,注意这里no是形容词。

    No students read English novels.

    我们可以看出:

    all, most, some, no 放在名词的前面做定语,表示数量的多少。

  6. My mother wants me to drink it. 我妈妈想要我喝。

    want sb. to do sth. 想要某人干某事

    e.g. I want you to help me with my math.我想要你帮我学数学

  7. She says it’s good for health. 她说它对健康有利。

    be good for 对…有好处

    e.g. Eating vegetables and fruit is good for our health.

    Doing eye-exercise is good for our eyes.

  8. How many hours do you sleep every night? 你每天晚上睡几个小时?

    这是一个特殊疑问句。“How many +名词”构成了特殊疑问词。

    注意:How many 后跟可数名词的复数形式。如:

    How many apples do you have?

    How many students are there in your class?

    如果名词是不可数名词,要用“How much +不可数名词”。如:

    How much milk do you drink each time?

    How much water do we need every day?

  9. Good food and exercise help me to study more.

help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人干某事。

     She often helps me to clean the classroom.

【模拟试题】

I. Translate the following phrases: 

  1. 一周一次 _______________     2. 一月三次 ____________________

  3. 每天 _______________         4. 饮食习惯 ____________________

  5. 照料 _______________         6. 对…有好处 __________________

  7. 多数学生 _______________     8. 多久一次 ____________________

II. Circle the correct words.

  1. A: My sister drinks (too much/ too many) soda.

    B: (How much/ How many) does she drink?

    A: She has five cans (a lot/ a day).

  2. A: I don’t get (too many/ enough) exercise.

    B: (How often /How many) do you exercise?

    A: About three times (an hour /a week)

  3. A: I watch (too much /too many) television.

    B: (How much /How many) hours do you watch?

    A: I watch (five hours /enough) a day.

  4. A: I go to (too much /too many) movies.

    B: (How often / How many) do you go?

    A: (In the evenings. /Five times a week.)

III. Unscramble the words to make statements or questions.

  1. go/you/do/how/to/often/the school library?

    __________________________________________________

  2. do/on/you/what/usually/weekends/do?

    __________________________________________________

  3. Kathy/listen/music/does/often/to/?

    __________________________________________________

  4. many/do/sleep/you/every/night/how/hours?

    __________________________________________________

  5. I/shopping/once/go/month/a.

    __________________________________________________

 

IV. Complete the questions using the words below.

much,  often,  long,  many

  1. How _______ do you watch TV each day?

  2. How _______ does your sister exercise? Twice a week.

  3. How _______ coffee would you like?

  4. How _______ hours a week do you read the English magazine? 

V. Number the sentences to make a conversation.

    ___1__A: I want to play the violin better.

    ______A: How about you? How often do you practice?

    ______A: Really? That’s too much for me.

    ______A: About two hours a day.

    ______B: I practice three hours a day.

    ______B: Maybe that’s not enough.

    ______B: Oh? How often do you practice? 

VI. Answer the questions using the given words.

    e.g. Q: Does Sally usually eat lunch in the cafeteria?

    hardly ever  outside

    A: No. She hardly ever eats lunch in the cafeteria. She usually eats lunch outside.

1. Q: Does Andrew always watch the news after dinner?

    never      game shows

    A: ___________________________________________________

   2. Q: Does Henry usually wash his car on Saturday?

    hardly ever       on Sunday

    A: ___________________________________________________

    3. Q: Does your boyfriend often bring you flowers?

    sometimes        candy

    A: __________________________________________________

    4. Q: Does Simon watch TV every night?

    three times a week         do the homework

    A: __________________________________________________ 

VII. Reading comprehension.

    Harry saw an ad in a window. It said, “Wanted: The Best Salesman in the World. Top Pay.”

    “I’m a great salesman,” Harry told himself. “I can sell anything. I’ll go in and ask for that job.”

    He went into the building and spoke to the manager.

    “I’m the best salesman in the world,” he said. “Give me the job.”

    “You must prove(证明) you’re the best,” the manager said.

    “I’ll pass every test you give me,” Harry told him.

    “Good.”

    The manager took a box of candy out of his desk.

    “Last week, I bought a thousand boxes of this candy. If you can sell them all before the end of the week, you can have the job.”

    “That’s easy,” Harry said.

    He took the box of candy and left the office.

    Every day and all day, he went from shop to shop, trying to see boxes of the candy.

    He couldn’t see one.

    The candy was so bad that he couldn’t even give it away.

    At the end of the week he went back to the manager.

    “I’m sorry, sir” he said. “I was wrong about myself. I’m not the best salesman in the world, but I know who is.?

    “Oh,” said the manager. “Who?”

    “The person who sold you a thousand boxes of this candy,” Harry said.

    1. The manager told Harry ____________

    A. he was the best salesman in the world.

    B. he wasn’t a good salesman.

    C. he had to show how good he was.

  2. Harry could have the job if ___________

    A. he sold a thousand boxes of candy.

    B. he sold a hundred boxes of candy.

    C. he gave away a thousand boxes of candy.

  3. Harry could not sell the candy because _________

    A. he was a very bad salesman.

    B. the candy was very bad.

     C. nobody liked candy.

  4. Who was the best salesman in the world?

    A. Harry           B. nobody         C. the man who sold the candy to the manager

 

【试题答案】

I. 1. once a week    2. three times a month   3. every day   4.eating habits

  5. look after     6. be good for     7. most students  8. how often

I. 1. too much     how much     a day

  2. enough     how often    a week

  3. too much    how many   five hours

  4. too many    how often    five times a week

III. 1. How often do you usually go to the school library?

  2. What do you usually do on weekends?

  3. Does Kathy often listen to music?

  4. How many hours do you sleep every night?

  5. I go shopping once a month.

IV.1. long    2. often    3. much    4. many

V. 1-5-7-3-6-4-2

VI. 1. No. Andrew never watches the news after dinner.

    He always watches the game shows.

  2. No. Henry hardly ever washes his car on Saturday.

    He usually washes his car on Sunday.

  3. No. My boyfriend sometimes brings me flowers.

    He often brings me candy.

  4. No. Simon watches TV three times a week.

    He does the homework every night.

VII. CACC

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