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Dolch Sight Words:5-8岁孩子阅读常用字  

2013-09-17 07:32:21|  分类: 资源推荐 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Dolch Words / Dolch Sight Words是美国学者E.W. Dolch 在二次世界大战之前,针对当时英语儿童读物做了系统分析和统计后整理出来的英语初级阅读中最常使用的220个词,加上儿童图书中经常出现的95个名词。这些词在英语教科书,图书,报章,杂志中的出现率为60-85%。

 

Dolch Sight Words共分5个等级,包含了不少抽象意义的介词和代词,比如:the, of, from on等单字,这些字如果没有和其他意义的单字联系起来,人们很难明白其意思。Dolch Sight Words也包含许多“较不符合拼读法(Phonics)规则”特性的单字。比如:were,one, come, eight, 等字。这些字不能通过拼读法认知,而必须通过视觉认识/记忆才能掌握,这也是为什么Dolch Words被称为视觉词(sight words)的原因。

 

由于这些字是初期阅读物中出现频率很高的单字,所以如果孩子能够在阅读初级阶段,首先掌握这些Sight Words,就能为他们在英语阅读方面打下不可缺少的坚实基础。

 

如果孩子单学习拼读法,而忽视sight words的学习,那么他们的仍然无法顺利阅读英语。这里的关键在于sight words,因为phonics兼具发音,拼字既阅读的功能,而sight words在孩子的阅读材料中占有将近60%-80%的份额,也就是能够帮助孩子拥有超过85%的阅读能力。因此孩子在学习英语阅读时,phonics 和 sight words的学习必须同时并行,相辅相成,两者缺一不可,这是孩子学习英语最直接,最简单的基石之一。

 

绍Dolch Sight Words的所有单字

 

按单词出现的频率:

the

down

blue

yellow

write

under

to

do

red

five

always

read

and

can

from

six

drink

why

he

could

good

walk

once

own

a

when

any

two

soon

found

I

did

about

or

made

wash

you

what

around

before

run

slow

it

so

want

eat

gave

hot

of

see

don't

again

open

because

in

not

how

play

has

far

was

were

know

who

find

live

said

get

right

been

only

draw

his

them

put

may

us

clean

that

like

too

stop

three

grow

she

one

got

off

our

best

for

this

take

never

better

upon

on

my

where

seven

hold

these

they

would

every

eight

buy

sing

but

me

pretty

cold

funny

together

had

will

jump

today

warm

please

at

yes

green

fly

ate

thank

him

big

four

myself

full

wish

with

went

away

round

those

many

up

are

old

tell

done

shall

all

come

by

much

use

laugh

look

if

their

keep

fast

is

now

here

give

say

her

long

saw

work

light

there

no

call

first

pick

some

came

after

try

hurt

out

ask

well

new

pull

as

very

think

must

cut

be

an

ran

start

kind

have

over

let

black

both

go

yours

help

white

sit

we

its

make

ten

which

am

ride

going

does

fall

then

into

sleep

bring

carry

little

just

brown

goes

small

 

按年级分类:

学龄前

幼儿园

1 年级

2年级

年级3

名词

a

all

after

always

about

apple

home

and

am

again

around

better

baby

horse

away

are

an

because

bring

back

house

big

at

any

been

carry

ball

kitty

blue

ate

as

before

clean

bear

leg

can

be

ask

best

cut

bed

letter

come

black

by

both

done

bell

man

down

brown

could

buy

draw

bird

men

find

but

every

call

drink

birthday

milk

for

cam

fly

cold

eight

boat

money

funny

did

from

does

fall

box

morning

go

do

give

don't

far

boy

mother

help

eat

going

fast

full

bread

name

here

four

had

first

got

brother

nest

I

get

has

five

grow

cake

night

in

good

her

found

hold

car

paper

is

have

him

gave

hot

cat

party

it

he

his

goes

hurt

chair

picture

jump

into

how

green

if

chicken

pig

little

like

just

its

keep

children

rabbit

look

must

know

made

kind

Christmas

rain

make

new

let

many

laugh

coat

ring

me

no

live

off

light

corn

robin

my

now

may

or

long

cow

Santa Claus

not

on

of

pull

much

day

school

one

our

old

read

myself

dog

seed

play

out

once

right

never

doll

sheep

red

please

open

sing

only

door

shoe

run

pretty

over

sit

own

duck

sister

said

ran

put

sleep

pick

egg

snow

see

ride

round

tell

seven

eye

song

the

saw

some

their

shall

far m

squirrel

three

say

stop

these

show

Farmer

stick

to

she

take

those

six

father

street

two

so

thank

upon

small

feet

sun

up

soon

them

us

start

fire

table

we

that

then

use

ten

fish

thing

where

there

think

very

today

floor

time

yellow

they

walk

wash

together

flower

top

you

this

were

which

try

game

toy

too

when

why

warm

garden

tree

under

wish

girl

watch

want

work

good-bye

water

was

would

grass

way

well

write

ground

wind

went

your

hand

window

what

head

wood

white

hill

who

will

with

Yes

 

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