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Three winners share Nobel medicine prize(九年级阅读)  

2013-10-14 09:25:20|  分类: 九年级阅读 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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诺贝尔生理学或医学奖率先揭晓,拉开了本年度“诺贝尔周”的序幕。
       Americans James Rothman and RandySchekman and German-born researcherThomas Suedhof won the 2013 Nobel  Prize in Physiology or Medicine (诺贝尔生理学或医学奖) on Monday.The three scientists were honored for their discoveries on how hormones,enzymes and other key substances are transported within cells.
  The Nobel committee said their research on “vesicle traffic(囊泡运输)”—the transport system of our cells—helped scientists understand how“cargo is delivered to the right place at the right time”inside cells.
  If the system doesn’t work properly,a person may get diabetes(糖尿病)and various disorders,according to the committee.
  Rothman,62,is a professor at Yale University while Schekman,64,is at the University of California,Berkeley(加州大学伯克利分校).Suedhof,57,joined Stanford University in2008.
  “My first reaction was,‘Oh,my God!’”said Schekman in a statement released by Berkeley.The university said Schekman’s research led to the success of the biotechnology industry.
  Rothman and Schekman won the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award(拉斯克基础医学研究奖)for their research in2002.The award frequently precedes a Nobel medicine prize:almost half of the winners have gone on to win one.
  The medicine prize kicked off this year’s Nobel announcements.The awards in physics,chemistry,peace,economics and literature have been or will be announced this week and next.Each prize comes with a cash award of8million Swedish kronor(瑞典克朗),which is about1.2million U.S.dollars.
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