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Hawking Calculates England's Fate(九年级阅读)  

2014-06-15 10:52:35|  分类: 九年级阅读 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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       With the top event in the world’s most popular sport just around the corner, excitement keeps building up. Even one of the brightest minds alive has jumped on the World Cup bandwagon(凑世界杯的热闹). Stephen Hawking has turned his brilliant mind toward perhaps his toughest challenge yet—helping England win the World Cup.
  Britain’s most famous scientist,known for his theories on physics and the universe, has been commissioned(委托) by a betting company(博彩公司) to analyze data from every World Cup England has qualified for since winning the tournament in1966in the hopes of coming up with a winning formula.
  His conclusion:Roy Hodgson’s(英格兰队主帅霍奇森) team has the best chance of winning in Brazil if it avoids high temperatures, adopts an aggressive 4-3-3 formation and wears red.
  However, Hawking is not betting on England lifting the trophy. The scientist is backing the host to win the tournament, saying, “You would be a fool to overlook Brazil. Hosts have won over 30 percent of the World Cups.”
  The physicist used his science to produce two formulas. The first one, taking into account a host of variables, describes the probability of England winning a match while the other addresses the country’s penalty(点球) chances.
  Speaking through a voice synthesizer(合成器) from his wheelchair, Hawking told a press conference in London that England should use its red kit in Brazil to boost its chances and play in a4-3-3 rather than in a4-4-2.
  “Psychologists in Germany found red makes teams feel more confident and can lead them to being perceived as more aggressive and dominant,” he said. “Likewise, 4-3-3is more positive so the team benefits for similar psychological reasons.”
  Hawking also came to the conclusion that environmental and psychological factors could play a major role on England’s fate, pointing out that an increase in temperature of five degrees Celsius would reduce England’s chances of winning by 59 percent while the team is twice as likely to win when playing at altitudes below 500 meters.
  Turning to penalties, he said the key to success was velocity(速率) and that players needed at least a three-step run to the ball.
  Hawking, known for his sense of humor, said he found it more difficult to make sense of football than explain the mysteries of the universe. “Compared to football, I think quantumphysics(量子物理学) is relatively straight forward,” he said.
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