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Artificial Intelligence Makes People Nervous(九年级阅读)  

2015-05-30 15:41:47|  分类: 九年级阅读 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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       In the new movie, Avengers: Age of Ul-tron, a computer designed to bring peace to the world decides that the simplest way to achieve it is to get rid of all human beings—no people, no war. The computer, Ul-tron(奥创), is eventually defeated, but the movie is making people nervous about what the future will be like when machines become programmed with artificial intelligence.
  Artificial intelligence is the ability of computers to do things that require thought. Right now computers don’t really think, they just process a lot of information very quickly. But researchers are developing new computers that will act like the human brain. They will be able to think and create, and not just follow the instructions of a human programmer.
  Gray Scott, an American philosopher who spends his time thinking about the future, is optimistic about artificially intelligent machines and says they will be helpful to humans. They will do most of our jobs and allow people to enjoy life. However, Elon Musk, the inventor of the Tesla(特斯拉) electric car, says these machines are “potentially more dangerous than nukes(=nuclear weapons)” and once they begin thinking for themselves, they will be out of human control.
  It’s a bit scary to think that someday, instead of machines working for us, we will be working for them; or, worse yet, not working at all. By 2018, it’s estimated that 50 percent of American jobs will be done by computers. Most of these jobs had previously been available to people with little education and few skills. However, with artificially intelligent machines, even highly educated and highly skilled workers may be out of work. Scientists, doctors, engineers and even lawyers may find themselves jobless.
  In 19th century England, there was a group called the Luddites. They were textile workers whose jobs had been replaced by machines. Their response was to destroy the machines in hopes of getting their jobs back. It didn’t work. Technology moved forward,as it always does, and people had to adapt.
  We will probably adapt to artificially intelligent machines as well (it would be fruitless to be Luddites and try to destroy them), but, as the Avengers found out, we will have to use our “real” intelligence to make sure a machine’s “artificial” intelligence doesn’t spin out of control and cause more harm than good.
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