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Japan to Install Toilets in Elevators(九年级阅读)  

2015-07-04 08:18:06|  分类: 九年级阅读 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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       Japan’s infrastructure(基础设施) ministry announced last week that the country’s elevators may soon have a surprising new feature: toilets.
  Yes, it sounds odd, but this idea was born of reasonable and sensible practical concerns.
  On May 31, a magnitude-8.1 earthquake struck south of Tokyo, causing about 19,000 elevators in the city to stop working. People were trapped in 14 elevators and it took 70 minutes to rescue some of them.
  In light of the practical problems caused by being stuck in an elevator for so long, the Japanese government called meetings with the country’s elevator industry to look into putting drinking water and also installing toilets in all elevators.
  Earthquakes present a special problem for Japan. The country sits at the crossroads of four tectonic plates(地壳构造板块)and has a long history of quakes. It also, however, has a very large and growing number of tall buildings. This means that the country has about 620,000 elevators.
  During big earthquakes, these elevators stop working. An earthquake in 2005 left 64,000 elevators paralyzed, and some people were stuck in elevators for almost nine hours after a quake in 2011.
  In response to these incidents, the Japanese government has created a number of solutions, including backup(备用的) power sources and early warning systems,to help people escape from elevators if an earthquake strikes.
  But it remains likely that people will end up trapped in elevators if a large earthquake strikes. Toilets, drinking water and other facilities (设备,装置) would no doubt make those people far more comfortable until they are rescued.
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